Guys, check this interesting article. Although
the page itself is somewhat “fantastical” in its articles, the information is
very interesting and presents a plausible scenario just like the one in Europe
with the Neanderthals.
Yes, I know that the article is not about tigers,
but as Ngandong is the zero zone here, I think is interesting that tigers were
not the only “hunters” in the area.
Friday, May 17, 2013
The Arrival of the Out of Africa
Tribe in Sundaland
When the Out Of Africa Tribe made its way into
Sundaland they found the Ngandong Hominins (Solo Men) already in residence.
Definition: The Ngandong hominin skulls are eleven skull caps, remains of human
ancestors found in 1931 near the Solo River in Java, Indonesia. They are a part
of the human ancestry puzzle because the morphology of the skulls appears to
fit both Homo erectus or an archaic form of Homo sapiens.
Dating the Ngandong Hominins
The first dates on the skulls put them at 100,000
years before the present, while Homo sapiens aren't known in this part
of the world until about 40,000 years ago and Homo erectus is thought to
have died out well before 100,000 years ago. Some researchers believe the
skulls represent a small colony of Homo erectus that survived long after
the rest had died off. Recent dates seem to suggest that the skulls are
actually between 27,000 and 50,000 years old, which would definitely fit the
timing of archaic Homo sapiens more comfortably. However, these dates
were taken on faunal remains that other researchers believe are not the same
age as the hominins.
Bartstra, Gert-Jan, Santosa Soegondho, and Albert van
der Wijk. 1988. Ngandong man: age and artifacts. Journal of Human Evolution
17:325-337Grün, Rainer and Alan Thorne. 1997. Dating the
Ngandong Humans. Science
276 (5318):1575-1576. (free download)Swisher III, C. C. et al. 1997. Latest
Homo erectus of Java: Potential Contemporaneity with Homo sapiens in Southeast
Asia. Science 274(5294):1870-1874. (free download)This glossary entry is
part of the Dictionary of Archaeology.
Also Known As: Solo man
The line of descent was thought to go like this, and this descent seems to be partly
true, for a section of the population:
And the Solo skullcaps represent defeated enemies.
Their heads were removed, skulls scraped clean. and the skullcaps stuck up on
stakes driven into the ground as a warning. Some accounts say their shinbones
were used as the stakes. This was between 100,000 and 50,000 years ago and more
likely after the Toba explosion. Both the Solo men and their slayers were
unusually advanced: if their slayers may be presumed to be Wadjak men, they
were already Mesolithic, and counted as a step in advance frim the rest of the
world (Comparable to the Hoa Binh people in Vietnam) The reason the Solo people
were thought to be very recent is because some of the weapons associated with
them were considered very advanced: among the weapons were some bone harpoon
heads. Now we can say definitely that these were early in Africa and that the
Africans were most likely using them against the Solo people. The Solo
skullcaps are about evenly divided between adult males and females, with one
younger male, probably a teenager. They had all been cannibalized.
This grim picture including headhunting and cannibalism of the fallen foes
seems to tell us directly how the Out of Africa tribe conquered Sundaland for
their own in the aftermath of the Toba volcanic eruption. Since there is a
pretty good chance the genetic line of the Solo peoples continued (in the mtDNA
evidence), it seems that some of the females were captured for interbreeding
with their (male) conquerors. This would be more of a political statement
than because of any sexual attraction.
More modern head hunter continues the tradition
started by the early Out of Africa warrior elite.